We did not get an agreement on 50% reductions in global emissions by 2050 or on 80% reductions by developed countries. Both were vetoed by China, despite the support of a coalition of developed and the vast majority of developing countries. Indeed, this is one of the straws in the wind for the future: the old order of developed versus developing has been replaced by more interesting alliances. (via The road from Copenhagen | Ed Miliband | Comment is free | The Guardian).
Old bulldog ... old tricks
Gordon Brown, The British Prime Minister declared, "today, together with Norway and Australia, the UK is taking a further step to a Copenhagen agreement: publishing a framework for the long-term transfer of resources to meet the mitigation and adaptation needs of developing countries." (Paris Hilton note, who the PM of Britain is!)
More interesting was when Europe went ahead and committed funds and disbursed carbon credits. Small amounts - but nevertheless a significant step! So, what gives! How come Europe was disbursing - not serious money, but more than pocket money, without using IMF, World Bank, et al. No UN! How come?
The joint trojan operation (Norway, Australia and UK + EU) against China (or was it India?) was immaculately pursued. Bernarditas de Castro Muller, former lead coordinator and negotiator for the G77 and China in Copenhagen, writing in the Guardian of UK, reported,
The UK financed workshops in selected vulnerable countries and deployed climate envoys. One of its envoys told intransigent negotiators that the UK would mobilise a group of vulnerable countries to pressure the major developing countries – such as China, Brazil and India – into committing to emissions reductions, contrary to their obligations under the climate treaty.
The EU for example made sustained attempts to influence and pressure developing nations – something that only served to increase their cohesion. They bribed where they could, promising the same recycled financing and maybe more to come if countries bent to their demands. And they bullied when they could not bribe.
India's neighbours, like Maldives, Bangladesh were co-opted - as were countries, led people of Indian extract like Caribbean island of Guyana, Mauritius. The strategy was to isolate China and pair India with the 'vulnerble 14' - like Maldives, Guyana, Bangldesh, etc. For instance, alongwith Mohammed Nasheed, Bharrat Jagdeo in Guyana, was faultlessly pursued. Long ignored and isolated, countries like Guyana suddenly found themselves in the spotlight.
Agreeably surprised, they wondered how Guyana "received a disproportionate amount of coverage and access given its size for its progressive and leading stance on climate change." Time magazine nominated Guyanese president Bharrat Jagdeo, as one of Heroes of the Environment 2008. This year Time magazine included Mohammed Nasheed in its Heroes of the Environment 2009. It was also announced,
Stabroek News in Guyana has confirmed that President Bharrat Jagdeo has been nominated for the 2010 Nobel Peace Prize for his efforts to combat climate change. He was nominated by Professor David Dabydeen, Director of the Centre for Caribbean Studies at the University of Warwick.
The Commonhealth Heads meeting a few weeks before Copenhagen was supposed to seal this 'alliance.' Intriguingly, the French President Sarkozy joined the Commonwealth Summit, with Danish Prime Minister Lars Loekke Rasmussen and UN Secretary General, Ban Ki Moon - and proposed a US$10 billion fund for climate change. Just imagine the French joining in a Commonwealth meet (a first, I would think).
Possibly it was the US efforts which made China and India stand together at Copenhagen.
Why the US did not ratify the Kyoto Protocol?
The political undertones of climate control talks are unravelling. The first major smoke signal was when the USA refused to ratify the Kyoto Protocol - while talking about global warming and climate change at the same time. Sometimes puzzling and wholly beyond understanding! The lip service paid by the US to climate change can be best summarized by a Hindi idom हाथी के दांत, खाने के एक, दिखाने के एक. Meaning, elephants have two sets of teeth - one for actual use and another for show.
The third element in the multilateral equations set was the efforts made by Bush /Obama to get India and China to 'get on the climate change band wagon' with the US. The Chinese 'unilateral' announcement of 'voluntary' carbon intensity cut after Obama's trip to China a few days before Copenhagen was a signpost of this unusual 'alliance'. India followed soon thereafter with its own 'voluntary' carbon intensity cuts. One of the justifications of Bush's nuclear deal with India was climate change.
This US master-stroke of Obama+BASIC meeting, ensured that the "only breakthrough was the political coup for China and India in concluding the anodyne communiqué with the United States behind closed doors, with Brazil and South Africa allowed in the room and Europe left to languish in the cold outside."
In hindsight, US covert resistance to climate change was actually resistance to the monopolisation by the EU on the climate change agenda and campaign. Under the garb of climate change, EU was trying to do what US did to the world, under the garb of poverty elimination, population control, Bretton Woods in the aftermath of WW2.
What were the BASIC countries resisting
Writing from a Western standpoint, John Lee, in the Guardian, of the UK, faults China for not allowing,
"Teams of international economists, scientists, inspectors and statisticians roaming China to gather information on carbon emissions and reduction initiatives ... reporting to political masters in America and Europe ... (on) the further problem of cheating in current and future carbon reduction schemes." (ellipsis and linking text in brackets mine).
Ed Milliband, Britain's Energy Minister, younger brother of British foreign secretary, David Miliband, writing for the Guardian,
"We cannot again allow negotiations ... to be hijacked in this way. We will need to have major reform of the UN body overseeing the negotiations and of the way the negotiations are conducted (for this) global campaign, co-ordinated by green NGOs, backed by business ... we must keep this campaign going and build on it. It needs to be more of a genuinely global mobilisation, taking in all countries ...this year has proved what can be done, as well as the scale of the challenge we face. (ellipsis and emphasis mine).
Indeed much has been done.
Face behind the mask
Faceless NGOs, without accountability to anyone, were able to bring global political leadership, to the very brink of an agreement. Like Milliband's boss, Gordon Brown remarked, "the political will to secure the ambitious agreement ... comprehensive and global agreement that is then converted to an internationally legally binding treaty in no more than six months." was very much there. The same 25,000 people (25 countries x 1000 powerful people) who rule over the G8-/OECD wanted the poor to invite these 25,000 to have undue and illegitimate oversight over our 'poor' lives – in the name of climate change.
To deliver more than 600 crore (6 billion) of humanity to an agreement that would have allowed the likes of the Milliband Brothers (and their NGO 'partners-in-crime') to pry into our lives, our affairs and dictate our very existence - with our own consent. Without recourse, with no checks and balances. With large amounts of unaccounted money at their disposal. To decide how we live our lives. Under a system, that would have re-invented colonialism, in a way wholly unknown to us earlier.
Any deal was a bad deal
Last time around, India was called the deal breaker at Doha. This time around, it is China. Who gets called, what by whom, may seems unimportant! But as my grandfather reminded me many times, बद हो जाओ, लेकिन बदनाम नहीं (Beware of getting a bad reputation).
The Guardian, goes onto say, "Only China is mentioned specifically in Miliband's article but aides tonight made it clear that he included Sudan, Venezuela, Bolivia, Nicaragua and Cuba, which also tried to resist a deal being signed." Sadly India is not included in this list of 'deniers' who are, as Gordon Brown puts it, "anti-science and anti-change environmental Luddites who seek to stand in the way of progress."
How I wish India was blamed for the failure of Copenhagen!
De-construction of climate change by 2ndlook
- Climate change – How India is falling for propaganda
- Climate Change at Copenhagen – Britain mounts a Trojan operation
- Indian cows were blamed for global warming!
- US Euro Clubs hobble Third Wold
- Climate head steps down over e-mail leak
- NASSCOM wakes after 15 months
- PR Stunts – The Maldives underwater meeting
- Indian to head Amnesty
- Amartya Sen at the Aspen Institute India's Conference in New Delhi - WSJ.com
- Climate change – 'Time for Plan B' says Nigel Lawson